「英文写作」快点看过来,手把手教你写好议论文!

第一语文网 2 0

议论文又叫说理文,以议论为主要表达方式,通过摆事实、讲道理对某个问题、现象或某件事情进行分析、评论,表明自己的立场、观点、见解或主张。行文时,要按照一定的思维规律分析事实,论证道理。

按照一般的思维模式,议论文写作由“提出问题、分析问题、解决问题”三大块构成。一般分为三段:第一段(引言段)提出论点,要鲜明地提出要解决的问题或自己的观点;第二段(主体段)论述论点,要围绕中心论点对提出的问题进行分析、推理、论证;第三段(结尾段)得出结论,对主体部分的内容进行概括,或者得出综合性结论,或者提出希望等。

一般说来,议论文应该观点明确,论据充分,论证合理,有严密的逻辑性;各段常有主题句;结构要完整,思路要清晰;内容重在说理;表达方式以议论为主,以说明、叙述或描写等方式为辅;语言要精练、准确,避免使用口语化的词语。

「英文写作」快点看过来,手把手教你写好议论文! 第1张

【写作任务】(江苏卷)

请阅读下面短文,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。

In recent years, Internet voting has become increasingly popular in China. People not only cast on-line votes themselves, but also urge others to vote for competitions like the “Most Beautiful Teacher” and the “Cutest Baby”.

Li Jiang, a high school student, is invited to vote in the “Best Police Officer” competition, organized by the local government to let the public have a better understanding of police officers’ daily work. Li Jiang visits the website and reads all the stories. He is deeply moved by their glorious deeds. He is already thinking of becoming a policeman himself in the future.

Su Hua is invited by his uncle to vote for his cousin in the “Future Singer” competition. He has already received three similar invitations this week. His uncle tells him that if his cousin wins the competition, the family will win an overseas tour for free. Su Hua likes his cousin very much, but he finds other singers perform even better. To vote, or not to vote? This is a question that troubles him very much.

【写作内容】

1. 用约30个单词写出上文概要;

2. 用约120个单词阐述你对网络投票的看法,并用2~3个理由或论据支撑你的看法。

【写作要求】

1. 写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;

2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;

3. 不必写标题。

【评分标准】

内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。

【审题】

该写作任务是一篇读写任务写作,它要求考生细读所给的材料后,客观、准确又全面地理解、判断和转述所给材料的观点,把读和写两种基本技能有机结合起来,从而对网络投票发表自己的观点,属于议论文体裁。写作时可以按照议论文最常见的纵贯式结构来写,即提出问题、分析问题、解决问题。写作时应注意自己的观点要明确,采用的证据要充分,要有说服力;写作层次要清晰,论证过程要严密。

【谋篇布局】

第一步——确定短文结构(本文以赞成网络投票为例)

本文可以分为三段:第一段用大约30个单词概括材料的主要内容;第二段采用有力的证据来证明自己的观点;第三段再次表明自己的观点——如果制定有效的参与规则,网络投票会很有意义。

第二步——确定写作要点和写作顺序

高分策略:结构安排要合理,采用的证据要充分、有说服力,这是写作的重点;观点要明确,避免模棱两可;用词要准确,句式要变换多样;注意使用恰当的衔接成分。

1. 它对有些人是有好处的,但是也把其他人推到了一个投票与否的尴尬境地。

参考句型:

◆ It is beneficial to some people, while it puts others into a dilemma over whether to vote or not.◆ Although/Though it benefits some people, it puts others into a dilemma over whether to vote or not. ◆ Although/Though beneficial to some people, it puts others into a dilemma over whether to vote or not. ◆ Beneficial as/though it is to some people, it puts others into a dilemma over whether to vote or not. 2. 在我看来,网上投票是现代生活非常重要的一部分。

参考句型:

◆ In my opinion, online voting is an important part of modern life.◆ As far as I’m concerned, online voting is an important part of modern life.◆ From my perspective, online voting is an important part of modern life.3. 如果我们制定一些需要人们遵守的参与规则,情况会变得更好。

参考句型:

◆ Things will get better if we can work out some participation rules for people to obey.◆ Things will get better on condition that we can work out some participation rules for people to obey.◆ Things will get better as long as we can work out some participation rules for people to obey.◆ Provided that we can set some participation rules for people to obey, things will get better. 【参考范文】(温馨提示:有下划线处为好词好句。)

「英文写作」快点看过来,手把手教你写好议论文! 第2张

【点评】

此议论文观点明确,结构安排合理,论据充分、有说服力,层次清晰,论证过程严密。在遣词造句上,语言得体,表达流畅。使用了较复杂的句型,如非限制性定语从句、并列句、状语从句等,显示了较高的语言运用能力。

标签: 议论文怎么写

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